The first antibiotic discovered by Alexander Fleming, a Scottish scientist in 1928 is penicillin. It was only in 1941 that penicillin made it's public debut.
Antibiotic drugs are grouped into families such as cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, penicillins, erythromycins, polypeptides, tetracyclines, aminoglycosides, quinolones, streptogramins & sulfonamides. Each family comprises of many members.
Antibiotics are classified as narrow-spectrum drugs when they are effective against a few types of bacteria & broad-spectrum drugs when they are effective against a wider range of bacteria.
Combination of antibiotics are
sometimes used to treat certain infections like leprosy & tuberculosis.
They are sometimes prescribed to treat conditions such as acne, food poisoning, gout & nosebleed.
Preventive antibiotic therapy is meant to prevent bacterial infection, e.g. to reduce the risk of endocarditis (inflammation of the lining inside the heart chambers & heart valves) or to reduce the risk of contracting traveler's diarrhea or to protect people who have a weak immune system because of AIDS or undergoing chemotheraphy treatment for cancer.
Different antibiotics kill different bacteria differently.
Though antibiotics can kill off sensitive bacteria, the resistant ones survive & even prosper (i.e. grow & multiply).
Animals like chickens, pigs, turkeys, cattle also receive their dose of antibiotics in order to either promote growth or to treat & prevent diseases. Fruits & vegetables are also not spared as antibiotics are sprayed to prevent bacterial infections.
Antibiotic resistance (AR) is the result of an overuse or misuse of antibiotics. This resistance is certainly a big worry.
Did you know there are certain strains of bacteria that have become impossible to eliminate with almost all types of antibiotics?
Broad-spectrum antibiotics are the ones that can promote AR as well as interfere with the absorption of vitamins B6 & B12, folic acid, minerals like magnesium, calcium & potassium.
Allergies may develop with the use of antibiotics, frequently with penicillin.
Side effects from antibiotics can include diarrhea, lightheadness, headaches, cramp, vomiting & stomach discomfort. Consult your physician if these side effects persist or become serious.
Taking the antibiotic erythromycin (primarily used to treat bacteria infections e.g. bronchitis, Legionnaires' disease, pneumonia, rheumatic fever & venereal disease) with Liptor, a statin drug shown to lower cholesterol can cause muscle damage. Check with your physician before combining these 2 drugs or learn how to lower cholesterol without drugs here.
Antibiotics can destroy the beneficial flora (needed for digestion & protection against infection) in the gut.
Antibiotic therapy can weaken the immune system, simply because it suppresses the body's natural defense system against illness.
A deficiency in vitamin K can occur.
A reduction of the manufacture of biotin in the intestines.
Cause people to be light-sensitive. Examples of such antibiotics : doxycycline, ciproflaxacin & ofloxacin.
- Complete the full course even if symptoms improve, otherwise, the antibiotics are not given enough time to work on the infection completely, which can cause a relapse. What's more, the bacteria can become so resistant that the antibiotics no longer work for you the next time.
- Follow all the instructions carefully. Take the correct dosages on time.
- Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. Either resume to take the forgotten dose at once or if it's time for the next dose, just continue with it & skip the earlier
- Do not share antibiotics with anyone.
- Never consume previously prescribed leftovers. Discard them.
- If side effects occur from the course of antibiotics or if the condition shows no signs of improvement, see your physician again.
- Keep capsules or tablets in a cool dry place. Store liquid mixtures in the refrigerator.
- ACIDOPHILUS Friendly bacteria that keeps the digestive system efficient, helps to maintain a healthy flora in the digestive tract & manufactures some vitamins such as vitamin K & biotin.
- ALOE VERA Treats cystitis & ulcers. Aids wound healing.
- CRANBERRY Kills harmful bacterial & food-borne pathogens in the gastrointestinal tract. Treats urinary tract infections caused by E.coli.
- GARLIC Treats & prevents bacterial infections that cause sinus congestion & ear infection. Treats infections on the nails, skin & foot.
Treats & prevents bacterial infections. Aids wound healing.
- OLIVE LEAF EXTRACT Fights bacterial infections such as bronchitis & sinusitis. Used for skin infections, cystitis, chronic fatigue syndrome caused by recurrent bacteria.
- BEE PROPOLIS Propolis comes from Greek words meaning 'defenses before a town'. It is a resin found in buds of some trees & flowers. It is used as a substitute of antibiotics to treat non-threatening infections. People allergic to bee stings, bee products, black poplar (Populas nigra) & poplar bud may develop
allergic reactions to propolis.
- TEA TREE ESSENTIAL OIL Effective against bacterial infection on the skin, acne, vaginal & foot - topical application.